Ultrasound of the Musculoskeletal System

Enhanced by the PocketEDU e-Learning system: The most comprehensive practical manual on ultrasound imaging of the musculoskeletal system from the head to the toe. Includes hundreds of ultrasound images, probe positions to obtain them, imaging tips and tricks, and real patients pathology imaged by ultrasound. Read or Listen.

Material from: A. L. Baert, M. Knauth, K. Sartor, Ultrasound of the Musculoskeletal System, published in 2020 by Springer reproduced with permission of SNCSC.

Author: A. L. Baert, M. Knauth, K. Sartor
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E-book content

Advances in US Technology
Transducers
Broadband Transducers
Focusing
Transducer Selection and Handling
Imaging Algorithms
Advances in Doppler Imaging
Compound Imaging
Extended Field-of-View Imaging
Steering-Based Imaging
Three-Dimensional Imaging
Elastographic Imaging
Ultrasound Contrast Media
References
Histologic Considerations
Normal US Findings
Pathologic Findings
Subcutaneous Tissue Abnormalities
Cellulitis, Abscess and Necrotizing Fasciitis
Fatty Atrophy
Traumatic Injuries
Foreign Bodies
Tumors and Tumor-Like Conditions
Lipomas
Pilomatricoma and Epidermal Inclusion (Sebaceous) Cysts
Hemangiomas and Vascular Malformations
Metastases and Lymphomas
References
Histologic Considerations
Normal US Anatomy and Scanning Technique
Anatomical Variants and Heritable Disorders
Neuromuscular Disorders
Traumatic Lesions
Myotendinous Strains
Contusion and Laceration
Myositis Ossificans
Inflammatory and Ischemic Conditions
Idiopathic Inflammatory Myopathies
Pyomyositis, Abscess, and Hydatid Disease
Diabetic Muscle Infarction and Rhabdomyolysis
Tumors
Intramuscular Hemangioma
Deep-Seated Lipoma and Liposarcoma
Intramuscular Myxoma
Desmoid
Rhabdomyosarcoma and Metastases
Tendon
Normal US Anatomy and Scanning Technique
Tendon Instability
Degenerative Changes and Tendon Tears
Tendinosis and Partial Tears
Complete Tears and Postoperative Findings
Inflammatory Conditions
Paratendinitis and Attrition Bursitis
Tenosynovitis
Enthesopathy
Tumors and Tumor-Like Conditions
Intratendinous and Tendon Sheath Ganglia
Giant Cell Tumor of the Tendon Sheath
References
Histologic Considerations
Normal US Anatomy and Scanning Technique
Anatomic Variants, Inherited and Developmental Anomalies
Fibrolipomatous Hamartoma
Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease
Hereditary Neuropathy with Liability to Pressure Palsies
Nerve Instability
Compressive Syndromes
Nerve Entrapment Syndromes
Stretching Injuries
Contusion Trauma
Penetrating Wounds
Postoperative Features
Rheumatologic and Infectious Disorders
Leprosy
Tumors and Tumor-Like Conditions
Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumors
Hemangioma and Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
Intraneural Ganglia
Nerve Encasement by Extrinsic Neoplasms
Blood Vessels
Histologic Considerations
Normal US Anatomy and Scanning Technique
Musculoskeletal-Related Vascular Disorders
Arterial Disorders
Venous Disorders
Vascular Tumors
References
Histologic Considerations
Normal US Anatomy and Scanning Technique
Outgrowths
Bone Exostoses
Defects
Irregularities of the Cortical Outline
Acute Fractures
Stress Fractures
Fracture Healing
Erosions
Osteomyelitis
Joint
Normal US Anatomy and Scanning Technique
Pathologic Changes
Rheumatoid Arthritis and Other Inflammatory Arthropathies
Septic Arthritis
Traumatic Injuries
Degenerative Joint Disease (Osteoarthritis)
Deposition Diseases
Postoperative Complications
Space-Occupying Masses
Pigmented Villonodular Synovitis
Lipoma Arborescens
Synovial Osteochondromatosis
Synovial Hemangioma
References
Introduction
Clinical Anatomy - Osseous and Articular Anatomy
Glenohumeral Joint
Acromioclavicular Joint
Sternoclavicular Joint
Scapulothoracic Plane
Muscles and Tendons
Rotator Cuff
Biceps and Rotator Cuff Interval
Deltoid and Extrinsic Muscles of the Shoulder
Bursae and Gliding Spaces
Neurovascular Structures
Suprascapular Nerve
Axillary Artery and Nerve
Thoracic Outlet Structures
Brachial Plexus Nerves and Vertebral Anatomy
Essentials of Clinical History and Physical Examination
Rotator Cuff Pathology
Thoracic Outlet and Brachial Plexus Pathology
Normal Ultrasound Findings and Scanning Technique
Biceps Tendon and Rotator Cuff
Long Head of the Biceps Tendon
Subscapularis Tendon
Supraspinatus Tendon
Infraspinatus and Teres Minor Tendons
Rotator Cuff Interval
Shoulder Beyond the Cuff
Glenohumeral Synovial Space
Subacromial Subdeltoid Bursa
Acromioclavicular Joint and Os Acromiale
Glenoid Labrum
Nerves around the Shoulder
Brachial Plexus and Other Nerves of the Neck
Shoulder Pathology
Pathophysiologic Overview - Impingement and Rotator Cuff Disease
Instability
Rotator Cuff Pathology
Cuff Tendinopathy
Partial-Thickness Tears
Full-Thickness Tears
Complete and Massive Tears
Cuff Tear Arthropathy
Acromioclavicular Cysts
Postoperative Cuff
Calcifying Tendinitis
Biceps Tendon Pathology - Biceps Tendinopathy
Biceps Tendon Rupture
Biceps Tendon Instability
Shoulder Pathology Beyond the Rotator Cuff
Pectoralis and Deltoid Lesions
Adhesive Capsulitis (Frozen Shoulder)
Glenohumeral Joint Instability
Humeral Head Fractures
Degenerative Arthropathies and Loose Bodies
Inflammatory Arthropathies
Shoulder Arthroplasty
Septic Arthritis and Bursitis
Acromioclavicular Joint Trauma and Instability
Sternoclavicular and Costosternal Joint Pathology
Quadrilateral Space Syndrome
Suprascapular Nerve Syndrome
Thoracic Outlet and Brachial Plexus Pathology
Brachial Plexus Trauma
Neoplastic Involvement of the Brachial Plexus
Parsonage-Turner Syndrome
Thoracic Outlet Syndrome
Shoulder Masses
Elastofibroma Dorsi
References
Introduction
Clinical and US Anatomy
Anterior Arm
Posterior Arm
Neurovascular Bundle
Arm Pathology
Anterior Arm: Bicipital Sulcus Pathology
Median Neuropathy Following Brachial Artery Catheterization
Supracondylar Process Syndrome
Posterior Arm: Spiral Groove Syndrome
References
Introduction
Clinical Anatomy
Joint and Ligament Complexes
Elbow Joint
Medial Collateral Ligament
Lateral Collateral Ligament
Muscles and Tendons
Anterior Elbow
Medial Elbow
Lateral Elbow
Posterior Elbow
Neurovascular Structures
Median Nerve and Brachial Artery
Radial Nerve and Posterior Interosseous Nerve
Ulnar Nerve
Bursae
Essentials of Clinical History and Physical Examination
Tendon Abnormalities
Ligament Instability
Cubital Tunnel Syndrome
Ultrasound Anatomy and Scanning Technique
Anterior Elbow
Medial Elbow
Lateral Elbow
Posterior Elbow
Elbow Pathology
Anterior Elbow Pathology: Distal Biceps Tendon Tear
Bicipitoradial (Cubital) Bursitis
Medial Elbow Pathology: Medial Epicondylitis (Epitrochleitis)
Medial Collateral Ligament Injury
Epitrochlear Lymphadenopathies
Lateral Elbow Pathology
Lateral Collateral Ligament Injury
Supinator Syndrome (Posterior Interosseous Neuropathy)
Posterior Elbow Pathology: Distal Triceps Tendon Tear
Olecranon Bursitis
Cubital Tunnel Syndrome
Ulnar Nerve Instability
Snapping Triceps Syndrome
Bone and Joint Disorders: Synovitis
Osteoarthritis and Osteochondral Damage
Occult Fractures
Posterior Dislocation Injury and Instability
Elbow Masses
References
Introduction
Clinical and US Anatomy
Volar Forearm
Dorsal Forearm
Mobile Wad
Forearm Pathology
Volar Forearm: Pronator Syndrome
Anterior Interosseous Nerve Syndrome
Other Compression Neuropathies
Penetrating Injuries
Dorsal Forearm and Mobile Wad
References
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